The Three Principal Tenses

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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The Simple Present
We use the simple present in the following cases
In this case,we use frequency adverbs like: always-sometimes-never-usually-often-everyday-every week-every month-every year-…….
examples
.I always revise my lessons
.She cleans the rooms everyday
*The verbs: "revise" and "clean" are conjugated in the simple present because it's a frequent action or a repeated action
Scientific Facts
.In scientific facts that do not change,we conjugate the verb in the simple present
examples
.The earth turns round the sun
We conjugate the verb "turn" in the simple present because the earth always turns round the sun: it turned round the sun in the past;it is turning now an dit will turn in the future.This fact never changes that's why the ver bis conjugated in the simple present
.Water boils at 100 dgrees.c
.Water always boils when it reaches this temperature
Fixed arrangements
.When some actions are fixed by shedules or appointments
examples
.The plane from Algiers to Paris flies at 9:00
We have a meeting on Monday.( every Monday )
General facts about someone or something
.When we mention specific information about somebody or something
examples
.Ahmed is a tall boy
.The tree is a plant
How to conjugate a verb in the simple present
I) verb to be
I am-you are-we are-they are-he is-she is-it is
II) verb to have
I have-you have-we have-they have-he has-she has- it has
III) other verbs
I / you / we / they +stem
Stem is the verb in the infinitive form without to
.Example: the stem of "to come" is "come" and the stem of "to read" is "read"
Example
.I ( to drink ) coffee everyday
.I drink coffee everyday-We always ( to pray ) in the mosque
.We always pray in the mosque

He / she / it + stem+es when the stem (verb ) ends in ch-sh-s-z-x-o
Examples
-He never ( to watch ) cartoons
He never watches cartoons
-She always ( to go ) to school late
She always goes to school late

He / she / it + ies when the stem ( verb ) ends in "y" after a consonant
Example
.My brother sometimes ( to study ) English alone
.My brother sometimes studies English alone
*When the"y" is preceded by a vowel,we gust add "s"
Example
He often ( to play ) football on weekends
He often plays football on weekends
He / she / it +s when the stem ( verb ) ends in one of the rest of letters
Example
-It often ( to snow ) in Aflou in winter
It often snows in Aflou in winter
Activity
Give the right form of the verbs in brakets
.I usually (to go ) to school on foot
.My mother never ( to have ) lunch alone-She sometimes ( to eat ) oranges
.We ( to watch ) movies everyday
He ( to do ) his activities every night
The pupils never ( to ask ) questions.The always ( to say) yes whenever they ( to be ) asked if they have understood
.She always ( to mix ) everything
I hope you have taken profit from this lesson
See you next lesson
Dear pupils,we are going today to deal with the second lesson after we had seen in the first lesson when to use the simple present and how to conjugate a verb in the simple present.
Today,we are going to learn where to put the frequency adverbs,the pronunciation of the
final "s"and some activities to practise both rules
-There are two groups of the frequency adverbs
group number one in which we find always-sometimes-never-usually-often
group number two in which we find everyday-every week-every month-every year-every+a word indicating time
the adverbs of the first group should be put
-after the verb to beexample
I am always happy
-between the subject and the verb
example
She never visits her aunt
-after "not"in the negative form
examples
-He is not always in his office
-I do not often go to the cinema
-after the subject in questions
examples
-Do you always travel?
-Where do you often go?

The adverbs of the second group should be placed either at the beginning or at the end of
the sentence or at the end
examples
-Everyday,I practise sport
-I practise sport everyday
Activity:rewrite the following sentences putting the frequency adverb in the right place
-I speak English at home****never
-My fathet is busy****always
-She watches movies****sometimes
-I drink two cups of coffee*****everyday
-He is not kind****always
-He does not come****often
-Do you pray in the mosque?****often

Now,we move to the second point of today's lesson which is the pronunciation of the final "s"in the verb and the same rules applies for the regular plural

S is pronounced / s/ or /z / or /iz / it is according to the final letter of the verb
It is pronounced /s/after f-k-p-t
example
looks-stops
It is pronounced /iz/after ch-sh-s-z-x and ce
example
watches-finishes
It is pronounced /z/after the rest of letters
example
reads-calls

Activity: How is the final S pronounced in each of the following verbs?
takes-feels-dances-lets-drinks-fixes-seems-lives-passes-hopes

I hope that you have well understood the lesson and if you have any question,just put it here.You will have an answer,soon
Thanks




Today's lesson is about the negative form in the present simple

The negative form in any tense is denoted by adding "not"after the verb to be or the auxiliary

1-Verb to be

The negative form of "am"is am not

The negative form of "is"is is not

The negative form of "are"is are not

example

I am tired

I am not tired

-I (not to be )tired
I am not tired
2-Other verbs

-I/You/We/They+do not+stem

example

I (not to work ) everyday

I do not work everyday

-He/She/It+does not + stem

example

He ( not to go ) to school on Tuesday

He does not go to school on Tuesday

Activity

Turn these sentences into negative form

1-I am happy today
2-She is lucky to have such a friend
3-My father works at night
4-He flies to London every month
5-We have lunch at the restaurant everyday

Activity 2

Give the right form of the verbs

1-I ( not to practise ) sport.
2-She (not to have)money
3-They (not to listen ) to Pop music
4-The wether ( not to be ) fine today
5-It ( not to snow ) in summer

I hope that you'll understand this lesson well

The past simple is an action that began in the past and finished in the past.

Adverbs: yesterday,last…….,in 2002,ago

How to conjugate a verb in the past simple

1-verb to be:
I / he / she / it ………was
You / we / they ……….were

2-Other verbs:
a) Regular verbs: We add : d / ed / ied.
1-d……….when the verb ends in "e".
Example:
Revise…………revised
2-ied………..when the verb ends in "y" after a consonant.
Example:
Cry……………cried
3-ed………………when the verb ends in the rest of letters.
Example:
Visit…………visited

Activity one:Add "d" / "ed" / "ied"

Live-try-seem-play-apply-like-help-finish-recite-answer-ask-pray-employ-spy-save-hand-stay-underline-dry

Pronunciation of "ed"

"ed" is pronounced / d/ , /t / or / id /
1-/ t /…………when the verb ends in f,k,p,ch,sh,x,s/ s /,c
Example:
Looked
2- /id /………..when the verb ends in t,d
Example:
Visited
3-/ d /………..when the verb ends in the rest of letters.
Example:
Seemed

Activity2:Classify these verbs according to the pronunciation of "ed".
Lived-helped-daced-asked-waited-rained-demanded-finished-watched-aimed-wanted-wished-fixed-laughed-begged-joined-handed-lifted-practised-reviseed
2-Irregular verbs:Consult the list.
Example:
Come……….came
Go………….went
Activity3: Give the right form of the verbs.
1-I ( to drink ) a lot of water last night.
2-She ( to cry ) for her mother yesterday.
3-We ( to be) tired last morning.
4-My uncle ( to live ) in France five years ago.
5- I ( to listen ) to music last night.



The Future Simple

Adverbs:

Tomorrow,next…..,in 2010,tonight,soon

Form:

Will+stem

Examples:

1-I ( to be ) will be happy tomorrow.
2-She ( to work ) will work next week.

Activity one:

1-I ( to travel ) soon.
2-My brother ( to come ) tomorrow.
3-He ( to buy ) a jacket next month.
4-We ( to watch ) a film tonight.

Negative Form

Will not +stem / won't+stem

I ( not to work ) will not work tomorrow.

Activity two:

1-She ( not to be ) here tomorrow.
2-I ( not to go ) to school next week.
3-My uncle ( not to travel ) soon.
4-We ( not to meet ) him tonight.
5-It ( not to rain ) tomorrow.

Activity three:Conjugate the following verbs( to come-to be-to have-to do)in the future with I-he-they

Activity four:Give the right form of the verbs.
1-I always ( to finish) work early.
2-He (to turn ) back tomorrow.
3-We (to be happy ) everyday.
4-She ( to visit ) me yesterday.
5-I ( to come ) from Laghouat last week.
6-He never (to study ) English.
7-I ( not to work ) everyday.
8-She ( not to study ) yesterday.
9-We ( not to be ) tired tonight.
10-My father ( not to watch ) the news last night.
11-My friend ( not play ) football every week.
12-Sh ( not to visit ) me next week.
13-It ( not to rain ) last month.



Answering Questions

There are two types of questions:

1-Yes / No Questions: They are questions that we answer by yes or no.They usually start by: is-am-are-was-were-do-does-did-will-have-has-had-can-must-should-shall-may-might-need

How to answer
-Put "yes".
-Put "comma".
-Put the subject.
-Put the verb to be if the question starts by the verb to be,or put the auxiliary which the question starts by.
-Put a full stop.
Example:
Is Ahmed a pupil?
Yes,he is.
Does she have friends?
Yes,she does.
*If the answer is "no".
-Put "no".
-Put "comma".
-Put the subject.
-Put the verb to be or the auxiliary.
-Put "not"
-Put a full stop.
Example:
Is Algeria a small country?
No,it is not.
Do you go to school on Friday?
No, I do not.
Note: Note that "you"in the question becomes "I" in the answer;thus,we should becareful for the verb to be .
Example
Are you busy today?
Yes,I am.
Activity1:Answer these questions.
1-Is Mr.Hoceni Mobarak the president of Egypt?
2-Are you a student at the secondary school?
3-Do you like watching movies?
4-Is France bigger than Algeria?
5-Did your father travel last Saturday?
6-Does your mother speak English?
7-Are you good at Mathematics?
8-Were you very busy yesterday?
9-Will the 3AS students have exams next June?
10-Can a baby speak?
11-Must Muslims pray five times a day?
12-Was Algeria colonized by France 50 years ago?
13-Do doctors help people?
14-Should an ill person visit a doctor?
*Note: Note that when we ask the same question adding "or…….",we don't answer by "yes" nor "no".
Example:
Do you drink coffee or tea?
I drink coffee.
Activity2
1-Do you play football or handball?
2-Does your mother speak English or French?
3-Did your father travel to Laghouat or Anaba last Saturday.
4-Is Algeria a country or a continent?
5-Was the weather sunny or rainy yesterday?
6-Were you busy or free yesterday?
7-Will 4AM pupils have exams next April or June?
 
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